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Sagane Ryokichi. 原子爆弾 [Genshi Bakudan]. Tokyo, Asahi Shinbunsha October 1945 (Showa 20). Octavo, publisher's printed wrapper; [6],58pp including wrapper*, photo illustrations and diagrams. Expected browning of the cheap paper and trivial chips and tears to the wrapper; pretty good for such a vulnerable thing.
*Pages 37-40 were removed before the crude side stapling, deleted from all copies. These are the sections, "Genshi bakudan to Nihon" and "Genshi bakudan no koka" - the atomic bomb and Japan, and the effect of atomic bombs. Au$1500

About a hundred years ago I decided that collecting the pamphlets and ephemera published round the world in 1945 on the atom bomb - first response so to speak - would be more fun and profitable than raising chickens. It took me a while to discover there was anything published in Japan. For some time I found nothing in any library catalogue and that, I thought, made sense. The one people unable or unwilling to rush into print would be the Japanese after August the 6th. Then I came across a mention of this pamphlet by nuclear physicist Sagane Ryokichi.
Here it is. Exactly as it should be: unassuming, printed on cheap newsprint stock with diagrams, blurry and uninformative photographs and, best of all, censored after printing.
Sagane was the recipient of the letter from physicist Luis Alvarez and two other former colleagues that was dropped in a canister over Nagasaki a minute before the bomb. The letter in part reads, "We implore you to confirm these facts to your leaders, and to do your utmost to stop the destruction and waste of life which can only result in the total annihilation of all your cities, if continued. As scientists, we deplore the use to which a beautiful discovery has been put, but we can assure you that unless Japan surrenders at once, this rain of atomic bombs will increase manyfold in fury."
Worldcat finds one copy outside Japan - in the Prange collection of occupation material. That copy is marked 'Deleted' in English and Japanese on the cover with the page numbers. The twist that the US occupation censors added that made Japanese writers and publishers wish for the good days of home made tyranny was that censorship itself was forbidden. That is, a publisher could not just blot out any offensive passages; all signs of censorship had to be removed which often meant a complete rewrite and reset.


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Catalogue - hardware. Thivel & Bereziat, Lyon. Quincaillerie, Ferronnerie & Serrurerie Cuivrerie. Specialite pour le batiment ... Tarrif Album ... 1889. Lyon, the company 1889. Quarto publisher's cloth backed printed boards; 32pp, numerous illustrations on 18 pages. Minor flaws or signs of use, rather good. Au$120

An early catalogue of builders' and joiners' hardware from a company that apparently still exists in some form. Early to mid 20th century catalogues pushing pug ugly period furniture from Thivel & Bereziat aren't so hard to find but they don't contribute anything worthwhile to humanity.


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Public health, quarantine & sanitation. A collection of sixteen reports on vaccination, quarantine, disease and sanitation in Sydney. Sydney, Govt printer 1881-84. Foolscap, together in modern cloth. Signs of use, a few short tears, a couple of plans with repairs, minor but for the plan of the Little Bay Sanatorium (with report 12 - a revised version of that with report 6) which is in pieces but all there. Au$950

A modern binding but not a modern gathering: there is a contemporary handwritten list of contents at the front. This has every sign of being compiled by a body like the Board of Health. The Report of the Board on the small-pox epidemic has been extensively marked up and corrected by hand.
Each of these is worth its own long maundering note, but. All these papers come in some way out of the small-pox outbreak of 1881-82 and you may not be surprised that it become political real fast. It was a debacle. First among the blameworthy were the Chinese, blamed for introducing the disease, then rightly came the officials, disorganisation, unreadiness and general incompetence top to bottom.
The vaccination paper records the lengthy opinions of fifteen esteemed medicos and largely concerns small-pox - still the only vaccination there was. All but John Le Gay Brereton were in favour. He regarded vaccination an evil worse than disease.
Sixteen pages on schools versus 66 pages on wood pavements may seem unbalanced until you read the board's report and the evidence and realise that given how many roads were paved with wood it's a wonder that anyone was alive - not swept away by yellow fever. Thank heaven for Australian hardwoods.
The Fijian representative to the 1884 conference couldn't make it - the steamer bringing the invitation was placed in quarantine.

(1) Compulsory Vaccination. Opinions of ... ; 55pp; (2) Report of the Royal Commission ... upon the management of the Quarantine Station, North Head, and the Hulk "Faraway"; (xiv),118pp; (3) Second Report ... Quarantine Station ... ; 13pp and folding plan; (4) Instructions to the Assistant Health Officer, stationed at Watson's Bay. 3pp; (5) Quarantine Station, North Head. (Report of Health Officer upon state and conditions ... ; 14pp and five plans, three folding; (6) Report of the Board of Health Upon the Late Epidemic of Small Pox, 1881-1882; 20pp and two large folding plans; (7) Quarantining of Steamship "Gunga"; 52pp; (8) Quarantine of Mail-Steamer "Rome" (Correspondence); 8pp; (9) Board of Health (Attendance of Members of, and Subjects ... ; 2pp; (10) Mortality on Board Immigrant Ships. (Report by Medical Officer ...); 2pp; (11) Management of the Sydney Hospital (Report of Committee of Inquiry into Certain Complaints); 27pp; (12) Hospital Accomodation and Position for the City of Sydney; 10pp and large folding plan; (13) Report of Dr. Clark on the Sanitary Condition of the Public Schools in the City of Sydney, and Suburbs; 16pp; (14) Wood Pavement Board. Report, minutes of proceedings, and appendix; 66pp; (15) The Australasian Sanitary Conference of Sydney ... 1884. Report, minutes of proceedings, and appendix. 70pp and five large folding maps and plans; (16) Ad Interim Report Upon Recent Cases of Small-Pox. 6pp.


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LOW, R. Bruce Reports and Papers on Bubonic Plague, ... progress and diffusion of plague throughout the world, 1898-1901 ... measures employed in different countries for repression of this disease. London, HMSO 1902. Quarto, modern wrapper with printed title; xii,466pp, ten colour maps, some folding, numerous tables. Title page with some creases. Au$350

Historians of the plague have been busy in recent years and in browsing a few of them it becomes clear that Low's report is essential. The best admit that Low is the only source for some aspects of the flurry of epidemics that rushed round the world and the less than best copied Low wholesale only pausing to point out where they think he was wrong.
Australians can congratulate themselves that they weren't the only people to immediately fly into a yellow peril panic and blame the whole thing on the Chinese or some other coloured race. So did the South Africans and Americans in San Francisco and Honolulu. Elsewhere it was more pragmatic to deny that there was plague.


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PORTER, Hal. Short Stories. n.p. n.d. [Adelaide, the author 1943]. 235x185mm, printed wrapper, 64pp. Cover a touch marked and used; a pretty good copy. Numbered and signed by Porter; an edition of 200 copies? Au$1500

Porter's first book by a long way and scarcer than an edition of 200 copies would suggest.


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Jewellery. The Jewellers, Goldsmiths, Silversmiths, and Watchmakers' Monthly Magazine. Vol. I. [All published?]. London, Henry Lea 1863. Quarto contemporary cloth (spine worn and chipped at the ends); [8],188pp and 21 plates - five colour. Smudges, mild stains and signs of use; very decent. Au$1200

Apparently a complete run of this rare trade journal. The Winterthur Library also has a copy of volume 1, no-one else does so well. Now, this must have begun life as 'The Jewellers', Goldsmiths', Silversmiths' and Modellers' Journal of Art and Manufacture' - also published in 1863 by Henry Lea. Even someone as busy as Lea can't have had two identical journals running at the same time. The V&A has three numbers of that.
Doubtless spurred by the interest generated by the 1862 exhibition - also a rich source of material - Lea squeezed this enterprise in between his 1862 and his 1864 bankruptcies. I'd guess unresponsive modellers were dumped along the way in the hope that watchmakers would come aboard. The 1862 exhibition was mined assiduously and there is a brief dismissal of Australian efforts at goldsmithing. More telling perhaps are continuing remarks on the staggering amount of gold coming out of the colony.
Whoever edited this worked hard and gathered stuff critical, historical, technical and social from all over the place. Is this the first English language trade journal for jewellers and smiths? There was a Weimar Zeitschrift in the 1840s but I can't find anything else in English, nor any other language, much before the 1870s.


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LIPS, Julius E. The Savage Hits Back or the White Man Through Native Eyes. Yale University Press 1937. Small quarto publisher's cloth with paper title label, dustwrapper (a touch chipped at the tips) ; xxxi,254pp, 213 photo illustrations and line drawings. Endpapers a bit browned, a rather good copy. Au$325

The dustwrapper of the English edition is more arresting but the dustwrapper of this is more political. First American edition, using the English sheets, published more or less concurrently - and uncommon in such good shape - of this remarkable book with a history that, if half of what Lips tells us is true, makes it even more remarkable.
In March 1933 Lips resigned his directorship of the Rautenstrauch-Joest Museum in protest against the edicts of the new Nazi regime and found he "was the only 'Aryan' ethnologist to do so." What followed over the next year is the stuff of every nightmarish thriller about that period; threat, persecution and false accusation by a former student and a former assistant - now in control of the museum - the mayor of Cologne and the secret police in pursuit of his manuscript and photographs. "An uproar was produced by the simple fact that a Cologne professor had lying in his house a manuscript the theme of which was the criticism of the white race by their coloured brethren. In addition there were among the illustrations portraits of high German military and Government officials which were the work of blacks, one of the 'lower races'. The mere possession of the pictures was a crime against the State, how much more criminal the attempt to publish them!" The "idea of the illustrations had become a semi‑official mania; although only the students had seen them, it was now the State, i.e. the Nazi party, that wanted them." The mayor "had cultivated a feverish curiosity about the vanished pictures, which were supposed to be lurid with "nigger atrocities" and "insults to Hitler"."
Finally a moonlight flit with his pictures and manuscript on the eve of his arrest was his only option. This left his "wife as a hostage for the production of the manuscript" - which is where I hope Lips is being overly dramatic about the whole affair - while Lips made his way to London and found Lovat Dickson who agreed to publish before he had read a line of the book.
The book is revolutionary. It was the first time a mirror was held up in such a simple graphic way to the west who were shown how most of the world - the supposed savage world - saw them. And how keenly it saw them.


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MONTGOMERY, A. Geological Notes in and Around Launceston. Launceston, printed at the Examiner &c, 1892. Octavo publisher's self wrapper; 12pp. Natural Science Association of Northern Tasmania. Au$50


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GREENWELL, G.C. A Practical Treatise on Mine Engineering. Newcastle, Lambert; London, Spon 1870. Two volumes quarto modern half morocco preserving the original cloth sides & marbled endpapers (edges a little worn); [8],255pp, 64 colour litho plates (all but three double page). A few spots, occasional useful pencilling; a quite handsome set. Au$750

Second edition, much revised, rewritten and reconstructed to encompass progress since the first (1855) edition. Determinedly practical, Greenwell registers his gratification for works already laid out following his advice and reiterates that the instructions here can be 'safely followed with proper working results.' It is also a very pretty book, if a mining book may be called that. The plates, even those of strata, are appealing. Strata, fossils, machinery - all these work as graphic designs, as do particularly some plans of coal workings.


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CLARKE, Arthur C. Interplanetary Flight. An introduction to astronautics. London, Temple 1951 [1950]. Octavo dustwrapper (this a little used); 164pp, 16 plates, illustrations & diagrams in the text. Au$50

Second printing of Clarke's first book, with some corrections and 'more rigorous' treatment of transit velocities. The approach is astronomical rather than engineering, there being several excellent books on rocket technology, but none in English which develop the theory of astronautics in any detail.


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MEDWIN, Thomas. Journal of the Conversations of Lord Byron. Noted during a residence with his lordship at Pisa .. 1821 and 1822. Paris, Galignani 1824. Two volumes octavo contemporary calf (edges scuffed); portrait and folding plate. Somewhat used with some spotting but not too bad a pair. Au$75

First published in London in the same year; cheerfully salacious this attracted a fair amount of attention naturally enough - and the animosity from Byron's friends that Medwin forecast in his preface.


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SPENCE, Catherine Helen. An Autobiography. Adelaide, Thomas 1910. Octavo publisher's printed wrapper (spine chipped); [2],101pp. Portrait frontispiece offset onto title; a rather good copy. Au$200

First edition and just posthumous, it was completed by Jeanne F. Young. A plainly written account with a mix of justifiable pride in her achievements in social reform and almost self effacing modesty. It can also be read as the intellectual and social education of the colony through the second half of the century, charting the ideas and influences from without, their digestion and development within.


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BINET, Rene. Esquisses Decoratives. Paris, Librairie Centrale des Beaux-Arts [c1905]. Folio, loose as issued in four fascicules in illustrated wrappers, all in publisher's portfolio of cloth backed illustrated boards; [2],14pp and 60 plates, 13 pochoir and a few others with a second colour added, b/w illustrations through the text. A rather good copy. Au$2000

Binet, like many architects and designers, followed Haeckel into the microscopic world for grotesque and fantastic inspiration but married such modernity with historicism in a singular way. Durant (in 'Ornament') calls Binet 'in many respects the typical French Art Nouveau designer' which, apart from being too dismissive, is just not right.
Many of his designs, particularly the coloured graphics, are ultra modern high art nouveau but much of his work has an oddly arcane, recherche effect - in which something as modern as an electric light switch modelled on the forms of diatomes or radiolaria and treated with Beaux Arts tradition becomes a mysterious if not menacing almost gothic artifact.
Without claiming anything of the same stature, or even similar results, for Binet he could probably be more usefully likened to Gaudi. This is an exposition of ideas for every school of design that Binet could encompass - from architectural detail to pochoir graphics; shop fronts to tapestry; stained glass to gardens; jewellery to mosaics.


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[Pacificism]. The Peacemaker. An Australian venture in reconstruction. Vol.9 No.1 [to No.12]. Melbourne, January to December 1947. Thin folio, 12 issues together in contemporary boards carefully titled by hand in yellow; each issue is four pages. Au$125

The editor's own copy, inscribed "Personal copy of G. Anthony Bishop". A complete and not uninteresting year of this uncommon and quite brave paper. Being a declared pacifist through the war years must have taken great courage and it can't have been much easier just after. The first issue begins with an article on pacificism and tribal warfare among the aborigines, there is a fair bit on the proposed rocket range, on conditions in Germany and Japan, the bomb, the Defence Projects Protection Act.


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NETTO, C. & G. WAGENER. Japanischer Humor. Leipzig, Brockhaus 1901. Quarto colour illustrated boards (a bit browned); x,283pp and numerous illustrations (5 colour). The two folding plates lightly browned; a rather good copy. Au$75


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WOOD, C.F. A Yachting Cruise in the South Seas. London, Henry S. King 1875. Octavo half morocco (scuffed); 221pp, 6 autotype photo plates. Ex-parliamentary library copy with their gilt crest on front board and incorporated into the spine, no other markings. Scattered foxing but certainly a good enough copy. Au$200

First edition and the more desirable issue. Copies were issued with or without the photo plates and naturally enough those with are harder to find. Wood had a darkroom installed in his schooner and accompanied by photographer George Smith set off to record the 'primitive condition' of the Polynesians before their destruction by 'speculative, money-grasping Europeans'. His opinion of the natives is not high ('self satisfied, lotus eating Polynesians, whose character is as plastic as clay') but it's not as sour as his view of 'civilization', particularly the Wesleyan missionaries.


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[DILLON, John]. The Decision of the Three Judges of the Supreme Court of New South Wales, pronounced seriatim Monday, 11th of April, 1836, on the Applicability of the Marriage Act of England to this Colony; with a report of the case, and a review of the arguments. Sydney, printed by William Jones 1836. Octavo unbound as issued (an early if not original strip of paper down the spine); [2],40pp (last blank), [1] (blank). Title and last blank quite dusty.
Inscribed and signed by Dillon - then a solicitor to the Supreme Court - to John Gurner who arrived in Sydney in 1817 as Barron Field's clerk, became the chief clerk, and later a commissioner of the Supreme Court. Au$600

Rare and one of the earliest authoritive attacks on legal judgments published in the colony - and worthy of notice as the case hinged upon the concept of legal independence from Great Britain. Ferguson (2116) appends an uncommonly long note indicating that he at least found it of interest ("important case" are his words). A John Maloney was convicted of bigamy but made representation that as he had first married after, and not in accordance with, the passing of the Marriage Act then his first marriage was invalid. The Chief Justice (Forbes) and Justice Dowling determined the Marriage Act had no application in New South Wales and found him guilty; Justice Burton disagreed as does Dillon in this pamphlet. He has found himself unable to merely report the case without comment as this decision now left the colony with "no law prevailing here as to marriage".
Ferguson found three copies including his own and since then only one more copy seems to have found its way to an Australian library.


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Bewick. HUGO, Thomas. The Bewick Collector. A descriptive catalogue of the Works of Thomas and John Bewick; [with] A Supplement to a Descriptive Catalogue of the Works .. London, Reeve 1866-68. Two volumes octavo publisher's cloth (the first rebacked with the original spine preserved, somewhat rubbed and a bit flecked). Withdrawn university library stamps; outwardly a bit shabby but solid, inside in quite good order and in general a respectable enough pair. Au$200

Originally the printer's office copy, so inscribed on the front fly, and later a Melbourne collector's copy with neat pencil annotations - additions, an occasional argument with Hugo, and current prices from named dealers, dating from around 1905 to 1910 or so.


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PARTINGTON, J.R. A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder. Cambridge, Heffer 1960. Large octavo, very good in publisher's cloth & dustwrapper; xvi,381pp, 22 illustrations. Au$100


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PARSONS, J. Herbert. An Introduction to Colour Vision. Cambridge Univ Press 1915. Large octavo, very good in publisher's cloth; viii,308pp, Au$100

Finnish architect, critic, modernist and colour theorist Sigurd Frosterus' copy, with his 1915 inscription and a few neat pencil annotations. He published his book on colour in 1917.


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BEMBO, Pietro. Epistolarum Familiarium, Libri VI. Eiusdem, Leonis X. Pont. Max. Nomine Scriptarum, Lib. XVI. Venice, [Gualtiero Scoto] 1552. Plump octavo, two parts together in later (18th century?) half parchment (hinges cracking, label on spine mostly gone but still all quite firm); [16],398,[2];543,[1],[24]pp. A couple of small repairs to the corner and gutter of the title page; a stain along the top of the first dozen leaves; a little browning at the very end; otherwise quite a good, crisp copy. Au$450

First edition of the Epistolarum Familiarium; the papal letters were first published in 1535.


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ARAKAWA, Hirokazu. The Go Collection of Netsuke - Tokyo National Museum. Kodansha 1983. Quarto, excellent in publisher's cloth and slipcase (the slipcase with a small surface flaw to one edge); 260pp, 361 colour photo illustrations, numerous b/w photo illustrations and line drawings. Au$150


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FIELDING, Henry. An Enquiry Into the Causes of the Late Increase of Robbers, &c. With some proposals for remedying this growing evil ... the second edition. London, Millar 1751. 12mo contemporary (or publisher's?) calf (rubbed and a bit crazed, small chip from the spine, hinges cracking but firm); xxii,203pp. A little browning at the very ends, a rather good, fresh copy. With the half title advertising the book at 3/- bound, 2/6 sewn; bookplate of diplomat and Pennsylvanian folklorist Henry W Shoemaker. Au$375

A timely best-seller. This second edition followed the first edition (which had an uncommonly large print run of 1500 copies; this second edition was even larger, with 2000 copies) by about six weeks, with minor revisions and corrections.
Fielding's social and magisterial conscience made him a strenuous pamphleteer and this was his most important and influential foray into social and legal reform. The gin craze and other pernicious 'luxuries' rampant among the lowest classes; the civic 'lethargy' of government; the incoherent and helpless systems of policing and prosecution all fall under Fielding's inspection.
Credit has been given, and is in some measure due, to this work for the Gin Law of 1751 and the inception of the modern police force. It is also a vivid picture of the degredation of London's poor or 'commonalty'. The three page notice 'To the Public' at the end advertises the establishment of a registry of servants in order to obviate the scourge of rudeness and insolence of servants hired without any good character.


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PETTIGREW, J. Bell. Animal Locomotion or, Walking, Swimming, and Flying, with a dissertation on aeronautics. NY, Appleton 1874. Octavo publisher's red cloth blocked in gilt and black (a little flecked); xvi,264pp and publisher's list, numerous wood engraved illustrations. Quite a good copy. International Scientific Series Au$100

First American edition, pretty close on the heels of the London edition.


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SHAW, Simeon. The Chemistry of the Several Natural and Artificial Heterogenous Compounds, Used in Manufacturing Porcelain, Glass, and Pottery. London, printed for the author 1837. Stout octavo later quarter calf (maybe mid 20th century); xliv, 685pp, addenda leaf, portrait; bound with blank leaves at the end of each section. Repairs in the gutter of the title and two leaves of subscribers; the portrait foxed, minor flaws and a perfectly decent copy. Au$1000

From a notice seen in another copy of this we know that 250 copies were printed; it's quite rare. Fundamental in the progress of ceramics from a secretive art to a scientific industry, the list of subscribers gives some indication of the expectation that the industry had for the results of Shaw's researches; it starts with Spode and Copeland and runs through an impressive roll of manufacturers, colourers, and merchants.


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The Illustrated Sydney News New South Wales Weather Almanac for 1875. Sydney, Gibbs, Shallard [1874]. Octavo publisher's printed wrapper (a bit worn and dogeared but pretty good); 66, 24 (illustrated adverts)pp, coloured plate of signals. Au$90


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BOMPIANI, Sofia. Italian Explorers in Africa. London, RTS 1891. Octavo publisher's ochre cloth blocked in red and black (a bit smudged); 202pp, wood engraved illustrations through the text. Quite a good copy. Au$75

An uncommon little book based on a series of sketches for the 'Leisure Hour'.


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MORESBY, John. Discoveries & Surveys in New Guinea and the d'Entrecasteaux Islands. A cruise in Polynesia and visits to the pearl-shelling stations in Torres Straits ... London, Murray 1876. Octavo modern (but not recent) blue crushed morocco; xviii,327pp and publisher's list, six plates, a folding map and a further map not called for in the list but necessary. A pleasing copy. Au$1250

In his appendix Moresby prints a long and detailed letter to the Athenaeum refuting many claims made in Lawson's fictional Wanderings in New Guinea.


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HAWTHORNE, Nathaniel. The Blithedale Romance. [bound with] The Snow-Image, and Other Tales. London, Chapman & Hall 1854 and Bohn 1851. Octavo, the two together in contemporary half gilt morocco (a bit rubbed). Quite good and fresh. Au$100

Second English edition of the Blithedale Romance; first edition of The Snow-Image - though the American edition, dated the next year, was issued at much the same time as this London printing.


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MAUNSELL, R. Grammar of the New Zealand Language. Second edition. Auckland, W.C. Wilson 1862. 12mo publisher's flushcut cloth with printed paper label on the front; xvi,168pp. Rather a good copy and, much better, missionary and Pacific linguist George Brown's copy with his signature. Au$550

Maunsell has reworked his original (published in parts in 1842-43). George Brown began his missionary career in Samoa in 1860 but is better remembered for his work in New Britain in the 1870s. But he is probably best remembered (at least by modern secularists) for his ethnological and linguistic efforts.


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CRAIK, David. The Practical American Millwright and Miller: ... Philadelphia Baird 1874. Octavo publisher's cloth blocked in blind; x,17-432pp (but complete as issued) and publisher's list, wood engravings through the text and five folding plates. A couple of the plates rumpled or misfolded but a bright copy. Au$250

This seems to be the middle of three printings (1870 and 1877 are the others); all appear to be identical.


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HADDON, Alfred C. Evolution in Art: as illustrated in the life-histories of designs. London, Walter Scott 1895. Octavo publisher's cloth (spine a bit faded and rubbed); xx,364pp and publisher's list, eight plates, 130 illustrations through the text. A bit second hand but very decent. The Contemporary Science Series. Theologian and social critic Vigo Auguste Demant's copy. Au$175

Naturally much of this is drawn from Haddon's own work in British New Guinea and the Torres Straits.


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CALCOTT, Wellins. A Candid Disquisition of the Principles and Practices of the Most Antient and Honourable Society of Free and Accepted Masons; ... [Boston] London; Printed: Reprinted and sold by Brother William M'Alpine, Boston 1772. Octavo sheep (publisher's? - the endpapers seem to be on identical paper to the text stock; a little scuffed); [4],xiv,[2],256pp. Generally foxed but still a very good, quite crisp copy; absolutely original. An inscription erased from inside the front board but handsomely inscribed on the second blank: 'Stephen Meeds's Book 1774'. Au$1350

'A veritable gem for English Masonic collectors to look out for (it may be for years, it may be forever), as it is excessively rare'. (Sale catalogue of Charles W. Frederickson, sold in New York by Bangs in 1897). Maybe a little hyperbolic as I have found three copies sold in auction in the 20th century; the last one (1994, miscatalogued as London 1772) was cheap ($250) but seemed a pretty horrible copy.
Calcott's book was first published in London in 1769 and it both superseded the first authoritive text, Anderson's 'Constitutions' (1723 and revised in 1738), and did much to heal the schism between Ancient and Modern Freemasonry that lasted into the early 19th century.
Calcott himself remains obscure, he seems to have been something of a mendicant scholar, of whom Mackey said: 'It is a romantic fact ... that words written down in 1750 or 1760 by this only half-known, gentle, much wandering man, two or three times described in Lodge Minutes as 'in unfortunate circumstances,' should afterwards be on the tongues of millions of men who have never so much as heard his name!'
Mackey says that he was known to be in America twice, in the Carolinas, and it is possible that he visited New York and Boston. The Frederickson catalogue goes on to claim this as perhaps the first 'purely' American Masonic book of any importance. Now this is disingenuous; it doesn't seem likely that neither Frederickson nor Bangs' cataloguer didn't know of Benjamin Franklin's 1734 printing of Anderson's 'Constitutions'. So the claim then hinges on the American content of the two books. In between all I can find are Joseph Green's satirical squibs printed in Boston and a Masonic songbook briefly believed to be printed in Quebec in 1765 but actually printed in Scotland.
We have a list of 405 subscribers in the Provinces of Massachusetts, New York, and Nova Scotia, the Colony of Connecticut; as well as the details of the three Boston Lodges. And we have nine songs not included in the London edition. By the way, the American Antiquarian Society notes that the only oratorio libretto that they can find printed in America before 1815 is 'Solomon's Temple' printed here, just before the extra nine songs.
Stephen Meeds is listed as a private in the Westford company of minutemen who turned out for the first battle of the revolution on April 19th 1775 (Joseph Warren was, by the way again, a Grand Master and subscribed for six copies, and Paul Revere and fellow rider John Pulling are among the subscribers to this book). He reappears here and there among revolutionary documents: he signed the Association Test in Portsmouth in 1776 and he is listed as a Lieutenant of Marines on the Portsmouth privateer 'Raleigh' in 1777.


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Sydney. Rates assessment ledger for the ward of Bourke in Sydney 1863. n.p. 1863 Folio, quarter reversed calf and cloth (front board detached); 57 leaves of printed forms filled in manuscript. Some old damp staining round the bottom but nothing too serious. Au$1000

Some 1000 properties in the centre of Sydney assessed with quite a bit of useful detail. Properties are arranged by street and each entry includes the sreet number, person rated, owner or landlord, description of the building - house, warehouse, shop; brick, stone wood or iron; slated, shingled or otherwise; number of floors; number of rooms; value; and remarks - which contain a lot of useful remarks about the nature, history, attached structures and condition of the buildings. For instance, Francis O'Brien's row of seven houses in George Street, 29 to 35, were all in very bad condition, with their lower floors below the level of the yard, and mostly empty. The rates assessment ledger for 1863 in the Sydney Council archives is quite different in organisation and seems to have fewer remarks.


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[STIEBER, Wilhelm]. Die Prostitution in Berlin und ihre Opfer. Berlin, Hofmann 1846. Octavo contemporary (publisher's?) quarter cloth and boards (worn around the edges but solid and decent); [6],210pp. Extensive but gentle and neat pencilling, easily removed by anyone more patient than I am. Au$200

Second, unchanged edition, first published in the same year. A fairly remarkable book. Stieber is best known as police chief and spy (he claimed to have infiltrated Marx's house in London and filched the membership list) but this is an early work - and fairly revolutionary approach to prostitution, crime and their social effects.
Leaving aside the influence Stieber had on the subsequent theories and practice of social scientists, criminologists, police, psychologists, and government, this is an extensive and personal document. The women are named, by their nicknames at least and often by their real first name, and in many cases we get a description and some history. Thus we learn about Judenbertha, or Rebecca, one of few Jewish prostitutes; and Splinter auch Splitter; and Schweinekreuz; and Scottish Marie, and The Ships Captain, and Unfaithful Lette; and many more.


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JEVONS, W. Stanley. The Principles of Science: a treatise on logic and scientific method. London, Macmillan 1874. Two volumes octavo contemporary calf (rebacked) with the gilt stamp of Glasgow University on the front boards. Some foxing or browning but quite a good set. Au$1500

First edition and a pretty good association copy, I think. This was a university prize in ethics awarded in 1874 to 'Kentigernus W. McCallum' and signed by Edward Caird. This is, of course, Mungo W. MacCallum who studied with and revered Caird and carried his influence to Sydney, as did other pioneering educators at Sydney University. The influence of Jevons on MacCallum is much less apparent but Caird did decide that a gifted young disciple should read the new work of a contemporary whose views conflicted so much with his own.


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MARKHAM, Clements R. Peruvian Bark. A popular account of the introduction of Chinchona cultivation into British India. 1860-1880. London, Murray 1880. Plump octavo publisher's cloth; xxiv,550pp, 3 folding maps (these mounted on linen at the time of binding), 3 illustrations. Ex Bowdoin library with their inoffensive blindstamp, withdrawn label inside the front cover and paper shelf ticket on spine, an excellent, fresh, unused copy. Au$300

A popular account? A "complete history of the enterprise":, with Markham's account of his and his colleagues travels through South America collecting the plants and seeds, their introduction into India and progress of cultivation in the ensuing years. With this is an historical account, medical and botanical details, and appendices on the introduction and cultivation of India rubber, Peruvian cotton and maize.


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TUCKER, John Owen. The Mute; a Poem of Victoria. And other poems. Melbourne, Dwight 1870. Octavo publisher's gilt cloth. A pretty good copy. Au$75

First edition. The second and apparently last book of the bricklayer poet.


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TOWNE, Henry R. A Treatise on Cranes. Descriptive particularly of those designed and built by The Yale & Towne Manufacturing Co. ... also ... light hoisting machinery as built by the same makers. Stamford Conn. 1883. Octavo publisher's cloth blocked in gilt and black; xii,192,[4]pp, 83 illustrations, several full page. One leaf torn across without loss, still a rather good copy. Civil engineer T. Kennard Thomson's copy. Au$150

"The first publication descriptive of American practice, as distinctive from European practice", according to the author. A good book, part trade catalogue, more treatise.


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BLASIUS, William [Wilhelm]. Storms: Their Nature, Classification and Laws. With the means of predicting them by their embodiments the clouds. Philadelphia, Porter & Coates 1875. Octavo publisher's cloth; 342pp, 10 plates (the folding frontispiece and one other plate coloured); 23 illustrations through the text. A rather good copy. Au$150

A pioneering work in scientific meteorology. Some readers may have gone a bit overboard: "Blasius for storms! the supreme authority, the Aristotle of the clouds and air-currents" (George Ellwanger), but it is important and was an inspiration for tornado master John Finley: "My attention was called to a book by Prof. William Blasius, entitled, 'Storms, Their Nature, Classification and Laws,' ... I discussed the Blasius book and the Loomis list with Prof. Abbe on various occasions and he urged me to make a special study of Tornadoes."


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[Frances PERRY]. PERRY, Richard. Contributions to an Amateur Magazine in Prose and Verse. London, Booth 1857. Octavo publisher's blindstamped green cloth. A bright, fresh copy. Au$300

Most of this (the first 174 pages) consists of 'Australian Sketches' which are from the diaries and letters of Perry's sister-in-law Frances, wife of Charles Perry the Bishop of Melbourne. This covers the voyage out in 1847 and life in Melbourne and travels in Victoria - including a visit to the goldfields - until 1852.


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BASTIAT, Frederic. Harmonies of Political Economy, translated ... with a notice of the life and writings of the author, by Patrick James Stirling. London, Murray 1860. Octavo contemporary half calf (a little rubbed). A few pale and inoffensive small stamps of the Beechworth Library but quite a good copy. Au$350

First edition in English, it first appeared in 1850 - the year of Bastiat's death.


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RABY, F.J.E. A History of Christian-Latin Poetry from the Beginnings to the Close of the Middle Ages. Oxford Univ Press 1927. Octavo, very good in publisher's cloth. Au$75


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[MARRYAT, Captain Frederick]. Mr Midshipman Easy. London, Saunders & Otley 1836. Three volumes octavo, untrimmed in quarter roan and marbled boards (discreetly rebacked preserving the original spines). A rather good, attractive set; with half titles and publisher's adverts at the end of volumes two and three. In cloth chemises and slipcase labelled in gilt on a ship's wheel shaped label. Au$475

First edition of the quintessential boys' book for the next century and then some.


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SERVISS, Garrett P. A Columbus of Space. NY, Appleton 1911. Octavo publisher's apple green illustrated cloth blocked in white, dark green and black; four coloured illustrations by Howard Heath, three of which are terrific. A hint of fading of the spine but a remarkably bright, fresh copy, particularly for such a vulnerable cloth colour. Au$750

First edition. A fine radioactive fuelled romp through space to the planet Venus populated naturally by extraordinary beings and beasts.


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STEVENSON, Robert Louis. A Footnote to History, eight years of trouble in Samoa. London, Cassell 1892. Octavo very good in publisher's cloth; frontispiece map. Au$125

First edition. Stevenson threw himself into Samoan politics and was instrumental in the dismissal of the chief justice and president of the council. This is intended as a 'plain account' of local politics written in the hope of improving the treaty powers' policies.


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PROCTOR, Richard A. Chance and Luck: a discussion of the laws of luck, coincidences, wagers, lotteries, and the fallacies of gambling; with notes on poker and martingales. London, Longmans 1887. Octavo publisher's blue cloth lettered in gilt & blocked in black. Quite a good copy. Au$275

First edition. "Now the fact is that nobody except a gambler can write a satisfactory book on gambling ... all the same, I think Mr. Proctor's book is a very useful one; and I freely confess I have gambled more upon a principle, as it were, since I have read it." (Bernard Shaw's review for the Pall Mall Gazette).


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PHILIPS, F.C A Question of Color. NY, Stokes 1895. Narrow octavo publisher's cloth; [4],148pp, frontispiece. The first in Stokes' Bijou Series. Au$75

First American edition, contemporaneous with the London edition. This begins as an unremarkable light romance of the period, until the question of colour intrudes: the young woman throws over her impecunious fiance to marry a rich African prince, brought up in England and 'University' educated. Towards the end we seem to be heading into a crime thriller and we finish with satisfying tragedy.


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Travel. The 'Queen' Newspaper Book of Travel. A guide to home and foreign resorts. A resume of practical travel information which has appeared in The 'Queen' from 1894 to 1906. London, Horace Cox 1906. Octavo publisher's flexible cloth titled in black; viii,504pp, folding maps and photo plates, a few added colour adverts for hotels. Some signs of use and the occasional minor flaw but a very decent copy. Au$85

A comfortable holiday guide rather than an adventurous travel guide for the most part. I may have to revise that judgment: opening at random I find a warning about the baneful winds of Colchester. So, from the boarding houses of Eastbourne ("more select than Brighton") to the acerbic note on Banjermassin ("not exactly the spot one would choose as a place of residence") where we are warned that the Dutch women have taken to the sarong and kebaya - "the most unbecoming garment that was ever invented, and one in which no English lady could appear in public."
Most space is devoted to the Continent and there is an abundance of advertisements. This is the third of this annual series which ran well into the twenties, with a hiatus for the war.


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FOWLES, Joseph. Sydney in 1848: Illustrated by copper-plate engravings of the principal streets, public buildings, churches, chapels, etc., from drawings ... Sydney, printed by D. Wall ... published by J. Fowles [1848-49]. Quarto contemporary half straight grain calf and marbled sides (much of the spine missing but still solid); 40 plates. Browning and offsetting - the street elevations are most affected - and some minor signs of use but a very decent copy. One of the minor signs of use in this copy can be counted as a bonus: someone has neatly annotated several plates in pencil, identifying and updating the names and owners of various buildings. These annotations look to be about forty years later. Au$3000

First edition and bound from parts; this was issued in twenty fortnightly parts and as a book on completion. The last time I checked there was one known complete set in parts. This copy is without the advertisement leaf which, in the incomplete set of parts in the Mitchell Library, came with part four.
Fowles is celebrated for his pictorial record of a Sydney - a charming Georgian colonial town - not fictional but understandably positive; this is not social reform. But the book is also a surprisingly good read. He has an often breezy style and does not shy from expressing opinion. There is a laconic account of the burning of the old Royal Hotel and the providential arrival of officers straight from the governor's ball: "by levelling several tenements .. Lieut. Lugard, in all probability, saved the Victoria theatre". His description of Hughes' new Royal is equally amusing.
Everyone called this a rare and invaluable book, from Ferguson to Wantrup, who in 1987 noted this as 'a rare book [which] might, with patience, be obtained for about $4000' (Australian Rare Books). Even booksellers offering reprints without doing their homework call it rare and invaluable. If you've been patiently waiting since 1987 to prove Wantrup wrong now's your chance.


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EDDINGTON, Sir A.S. Fundamental Theory. Cambridge Univ Press 1946. Large 8vo publisher's cloth and incomplete dustwrapper; viii,292pp. Au$150

First edition. One of the great science books of the 20th century, if not for the usual reasons. Eddington's last book, tidied up by E.T. Whittaker for publication, was his attempt to unify and transcend relativity and quantum physics. He called it 'Bottom's dream'. It was rarely understood and barely tolerated by many who said they did understand it - E.A. Milne who pursued the same grail with his 'kinematic relativity' gave it a particularly cruel and clever review in 'Nature'. So, folly or maunderings, heroic failure, or an unfinished symphony?


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FREDERICKS, Arnold. [Frederic Arnold Kummer]. One Million Francs. NY, Watt 1912. Octavo publisher's black cloth, the front embossed and gilded all over to suggest a pile of coins; five plates by Will Grefe. A few minor signs of use but an uncommonly bright copy, the gilt on the front barely rubbed. Au$85

First edition. A Paris set thriller featuring the American detective Richard Duvall and a mysterious avenging angel.


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DAVISON, Ralph C. Concrete Pottery and Garden Furniture. NY, Munn 1910. Octavo, very good in publisher's decorated cloth; xiv,196p and publisher's list, 140 photo illustrations, diagrams and line drawings. Au$100

First edition. Exactly the sort of information which, in the wrong hands, leads to unspeakable evil. In general I'm in favour of knowledge for the masses and the unveiling of secrets held within cabalistic trades but this steps over the line. There isn't anything in here to take exception to, the examples are unremarkable, sometimes handsome, but I've seen too much of what happens when just anyone is given access to concrete and the means to knock up a mold.


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MATTHEWS, W.H. Mazes and Labyrinths. A general account of their history and developments. London, Longmans 1922. Octavo publisher's canvas backed boards; xvii,254pp, 151 illustrations - plans, photo illustrations, etc. A bit of spotting but quite a good copy, better than most I've seen. Au$250

Long (still?) the definitive work; a good book with a sweet origin: while making a maze on the beach his young child asked who made mazes first of all. Matthews' answer is that he doesn't know but here's what he found out along the way.


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CARLING, John R. The Viking's Skull. Boston, Little Brown 1904. Octavo publisher's illustrated green cloth printed in colours; four plates. An excellent, bright copy. Au$100

First edition. "An ingeniously constructed plot, which tells how Idris Marville, true Earl of Ormsby recovered a treasure hidden by one of his progenitors - a Viking of the Ninth Century - and how he cleared the memory of his father, who had been wrongfully convicted of murder" (publisher's advertisement). To this we need only add "Yet even amidst her fear it did not escape her notice that the hand which held the weapon was small, white, and decorated with a diamond ring" (p33). Sometimes a black silk vizard is just not disguise enough.


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